Anxiety: Anxiety tests
Anxiety Tests:
The main anxiety and stress tests (HAD, Hamilton...)

List of the most famous anxiety tests, stress test and psychometric tests used in psychology and human resources for the assessment of anxiety. Complete list. The main anxiety and stress tests available in USA

Anxiety tests are devised by psychologists to provide reliable information about anxiety, stress and personality. The accuracy and reliability of the anxiety test depend upon a number of factors, firstly and most importantly is how truthfully you answer the questions. Our anxiety test are extremely accurate, over 87% !!

Test HAD - Anxiety-depression test
(Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale)

Description: The HAD Scale is presented as a reliable instrument for screening for clinically significant anxiety and depression in patients attending a general medical clinic. This scale has also been shown to be a valid measure of the severity of these disorders of mood and therefore the repeated administration of the scale at subsequent visits to the clinic will give the physician useful information concerning progress. This measure is highly recommended.

Author: Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale and HAD scale.
Population: Suitable for all ages from 17+

Time Required: 2 – 5 minutes.
Purpose: Suitable for administration by a range of clinical professionals along with researchers assessing emotional disorders in adults
Questionnaire: One questionnaire with 14 questions. The questionnaire features 7 questions for anxiety and 7 for depression.

I feel tense or 'wound up':
a- Most of the time (+ 3anxiety)
b- A lot of the time (+ 2anxiety)
c- From time to time, occasionally (+ 1anxiety)
d- Not at all (+ 0anxiety)

I feel as if I am slowed down:
a- Nearly all the time (+ 3depression)
b- Very often (+ 2depression)
c- Sometimes (+ 1 depression)
d- Not at all (+ 0depression)

Scoring: HAD facilitates the early identification of both anxiety and depression simultaneously, whilst giving a separate score for each – helping aid the referral to appropriate services. Easy to score and simple to interpret.

Test yourself now: HAD Test for Free (online result)

Test STAI - Anxiety test
State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI)

Description: This widely-used self-report scale assesses current and individual proneness to anxiety. Many recent confirm the validity and reliability of the STAI. Below, the psychometric results from the STAI manual are reported.

Spielberger, C.D. (1983). Manual for the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory.
Purpose: Psychology, Assessment, Coaching, Career, Psychometrics.
Time Required: 10 minutes.
Population: Adult (including High School students)

Questionnaire: There are 40 questions: State-Anxiety and Trait-Anxiety.
Example: State-Anxiety: “I feel upset”. Trait-Anxiety: “I am a steady person”
Response scales: 4-point Likert-type scale
Scoring: Range 20-80, reverse scoring needed. Norming and standard scores available in manual for subpopulations and by age and gender.

Test yourself now: STAI Test for Free (online result)

Stress Test - Perceived Stress Scale (PSS)

Description: Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) is a self-reported instrument with 10 items, which is widely used psychological instrument for measuring the degree to which situations in one’s life are appraised as stressful. This data set includes PSS score.

Author: Sheldon Cohen & Williamson, G. (1988).
Psychology, Assessment, Coaching, Career, Psychometrics.

Questionnaire: The questions ask about your feelings and thoughts during the past month. The best approach is to answer fairly quickly.

In the past month, how often have you been upset because of something that happened unexpectedly?
a- Never (0)
b- Almost never (1)
c- Sometimes (2)
d- Fairly often (3)
e- Very often (4)

Scoring: Each item is rated on a 5-point scale ranging from never (0) to almost always (4).Positively worded items are reverse scored, and the ratings are summed, with higher scores indicating more perceived stress.

Test yourself now:
Stress Test for Free (online result)

Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAS) - Anxiety

Description: Clinician-rated measure of global anxiety. Overall global anxiety (including cognitive and somatic symptoms).

Time Required: 15-30 minutes.
Population: Adult
Author: Hamilton M: The assessment of anxiety states by rating. British Journal of Medical Psychology 32:50-55, 1959.
Psychology, Assessment, Coaching, Career, Psychometrics.

Questionnaire: The test consists of 14 questions (5 replies by group).
Example. Insomnia: Difficulty falling asleep, broken sleep, unsatisfying sleep and fatigue on waking, dreams, nightmares, night terrors.
Response scales: 5-point Likert-type scale: Not present, Mild, Moderate, Severe, Very Severe.

Scoring: Ranges from 0-56. Some clinical significance found (Kobak et al.1993). Training needed when using for research purposes.

Test yourself now: Depression Test by Hamilton for Free (17 questions)
Hamilton Anxiety Test for Free (21 questions)

Test PSWQ - Worry Questionnaire (PSWQ)
The Penn State Worry Questionnaire

Description: The Penn State Worry Questionnaire (PSWQ) is a 16-item questionnaire that aims to measure the trait of worry, using Likert rating from 1 (not at all typical of me) to 5 (very typical of me). Research suggests that the instrument has a strong ability to differentiate patients with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) from other anxiety disorders.

Meyer, T. J., Miller, M. L., Metzger, R. L., & Borkovec, T. D. (1990). Development and validation of the penn state worry questionnaire.
Purpose: Psychology, Assessment, Coaching, Career, Psychometrics.

The test consists of 16 questions (5 replies per group). Scores range from + 1 (not at all typical of me) to + 5 (very typical of me).

Here is an example of question:
If I do not have enough time to do everything, I do not worry about it:
a- Not at all typical of me (+ 1 worry)
b- Rarely typical of me (+ 4 worry)
c- Somewhat typical of me (+ 3 worry)
d- Often typical of me (+ 2 worry)
e- Very typical of me (+ 4 worry)
Scoring: The PSWQ has shown to possess high internal consistency and good test-retest reliability (Meyer et al., 1990).

Test yourself now: PSWQ Worry Test for Free (online result)

Test MASC - Anxiety test (MASC)
Multidimensional Anxiety Scale for Children

Description : Assesses anxiety symptoms across clinically significant symptom domains.

Time Required: 15 minutes.
Population: 8-19 years old

Author: March, J.S., Parker, J.D.A., Sullican, K., Stallings, P., and Conners, K. (1996). The Multidimensional Anxiety Scale for Children (MASC)
Purpose: Can be used in multiple settings including outpatient clinics, schools, private practice offices, and more. Norming information available.

Questionnaire: The test consists of 39 questions. 7 domains: Physical Symptoms Scale, Social Anxiety Scale, Harm Avoidance Scale, Perfectionism Subscale, Anxious Coping Subscale, Separation/Panic Scale, Anxiety Disorders Index, Total Anxiety Index, Inconsistency Index.

Response scales: 4-pt Likert scale (from “Never true about me” to “Often true about me”.
Scoring: Handscored, software, or online formats.

Test yourself now: Anxiety Test for Free (online result)

Social anxiety test or Phobia test
Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale Test (LSAS)

Description: This test measure assesses the way that social phobia plays a role in your life across a variety of situations.

Author: Liebowitz MR. Social Phobia. Mod Probl Pharmacopsychiatry 1987.
Purpose: Psychology, Assessment, Coaching, Career, Psychometrics.

Questionnaire: The test includes 24 questions, divided in 2 groups: 13 questions about the type of anxiety and 11 about social situations. The first question asks how anxious or fearful you feel in the situation. The second question asks how often you avoid the situation.

Here is an example of question:

Using a telephone in public:
Fear: a- None b- Mild c- Moderate d- Severe
Avoidance: a- Never b- Occasionally c- Often d- Usually

The Liebowitz social anxiety scale (LSAS) is a commonly used clinician-administered instrument.

Test yourself now: Social Anxiety Test for Free (online result)

Anxiety Test: Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI)

Description: Self-report instrument measuring the severity of anxiety in adults. Can be used to establish a baseline, as a diagnostic aid, to measure treatment effectiveness, and to measure post- treatment outcome.

Time Required: 5-10 minutes.
Population: Adult (17-80 years old); some published work used BAI with 12 +

Author: Beck, A. T., Epstein, N., Brown, G., & Steer, R. A. (1988). An inventory for measuring clinical anxiety: psychometric properties.
Purpose: Psychology, Assessment, Coaching, Career, Psychometrics.

Questionnaire: The test consists of 21 questions. The BAI correlates moderately with the Hamilton Anxiety Rating scale and the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI).
Example: Indicate how much you have been bothered by that symptom during the past month, including today: numbness or tingling.
Response scales: 4-point Likert-type scale: Not All (0), Mildly (1), Moderately (2), Severely (3)
Scoring: Ranges from 0-63; 0-7 minimal, 8-15 mild, 16-25 moderate, and 36-63severe anxiety.

Test yourself now: Anxiety Quiz for Free (online result)

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